Linux Command Directory


Linux in a Nutshell

This directory of Linux commands is from Linux in a Nutshell, 5th Edition.

Click on any of the 687 commands below to get a description and list of available options. All links in the command summaries point to the online version of the book on Safari Bookshelf.

Buy it now, or read it online on Safari Bookshelf.



which

which [options] [--] [commands]

List the full pathnames of the files that would be executed if the named commands had been run. which searches the user's $PATH environment variable.

Options

-a, --all

Print all matches, not just the first.

-i, --read-alias

Read aliases from standard input and write matches to standard output. Useful for using an alias for which.

--read-functions

Read shell functions from standard input and report matches to standard output. Useful for also using a shell function for which itself.

--skip-alias

Ignore --read-alias if present. Useful for finding normal binaries while using --read-alias in an alias for which.

--skip-dot

Skip directories that start with a dot.

--skip-functions

Ignore --read-functions if present. Useful when searching for normal binaries while using --read-functions in an alias or function for which.

--skip-tilde

Skip directories that start with a tilde (~) and executables in $HOME.

--show-dot

If a matching command is found in a directory that starts with a dot, print ./cmdname instead of the full pathname.

--show-tilde

Print a tilde (~) to indicate the user's home directory. Ignored if the user is root.

--tty-only

Stop processing options on the right if not on a terminal.

-v, -V, --version

Print version information and then exit.

--help

Print help information and then exit.

Example

$ which cc ls /usr/bin/cc ls: aliased to ls -sFC


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