Linux Command Directory

Linux in a Nutshell

This directory of Linux commands is from Linux in a Nutshell, 5th Edition.

Click on any of the 687 commands below to get a description and list of available options. All links in the command summaries point to the online version of the book on Safari Bookshelf.

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grpck [option] [files]

System administration command. Remove corrupt or duplicate entries in the /etc/group and /etc/gshadow files. Generate warnings for other errors found. grpck will prompt for a "yes" or "no" before deleting entries. If the user replies "no," the program will exit. If run in a read-only mode, the reply to all prompts is "no." Alternate group and gshadow files can be checked. If other errors are found, the user will be encouraged to run the groupmod command.



Read-only mode.

Exit codes




Syntax error.


One or more bad group entries found.


Could not open group files.


Could not lock group files.


Could not write group files.

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