Linux Command Directory
This directory of Linux commands is from Linux in a Nutshell, 5th Edition.
Click on any of the 687 commands below to get a description and list of available options. All links in the command summaries point to the online version of the book on Safari Bookshelf.
cat [options] [files]
Read (concatenate) one or more files and print them on standard output. Read standard input if no files are specified or if - is specified as one of the files; input ends with EOF. You can use the > operator to combine several files into a new file, or >> to append files to an existing file. When appending to an existing file, use Ctrl-D, the end-of-file symbol, to end the session.
Same as -vET.
Number all nonblank output lines, starting with 1.
Same as -vE.
Print $ at the end of each line.
Number all output lines, starting with 1.
Squeeze down multiple blank lines to one blank line.
Same as -vT.
Print TAB characters as ^I.
Ignored; retained for Unix compatibility.
Display control and nonprinting characters, with the exception of LINEFEED and TAB.